Margie Livingston, “Study for Spiral Block #3"
January 22 - February 26, 2011 at Luis de Jesus Los Angeles, Santa Monica
by Jeannie R. Lee
It started with a hairball. Margie Livingston wondered if she could draw the light filtering through that hairball — and with this challenge, launched herself into an exploration of depicting 3D space in 2D space, but always by first constructing and then copying a model. In order to produce one of her early paintings, Livingston would build a model, often a grid-like structure of string and wood. Then the small object standing in her studio would provide inspiration for an atmospheric, tasteful oil study in space, form and light.
Margie Livingston, “Study for Spiral Block #3,” 2010, acrylic paint, 6 x 6 x 6”.
But recently those objects, built as models and collectively saved over the years, began to garner as much if not more interest than the paintings. And it’s no surprise that after ten years of unedited and uninhibited model-making, Livingston has developed a knack for building objects. This first show of sculptures offers a broad view of Livingston’s newly-acknowledged talent.
Livingston is only halfway out of the closet about being sculptor; she is a painter who has begun making objects — with paint. There can be a chasm between the making and the experiencing of an artwork, but luckily that is not always to the detriment of the work. As we all make arbitrary rules to make a comprehensible reality for ourselves inside of infinity, it is quite common for an artist to set parameters for how her work will be constructed. In this case, Livingston works with acrylic paint and sees what it can do off the canvas. She still perceives herself as a painter, and describes her sculptures as “paint objects.” As such, she reports that she can feel herself working through many giants of recent art history, including Carl Andre, Charles Ray, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Linda Benglis, and even Barnett Newman.
Granted, much painting does go into the making of her objects: painted cubes, dots, decals, and wafer boards. And apart from the wire that strings a length of tiny paint dots from the ceiling to floor, every object in the show is constructed purely of paint. In what she calls “studies for spiral blocks” Livingston literally pours gallons of paint out in sheets and lets them dry for days, like so much acrylic fruit leather. Each layer is made of about two gallons of acrylic paint, poured, splashed, dripped, and formed in an expressionistic manner. After making a number of these sheets she rolls the sheets into tight logs like one might roll a jelly or sushi roll. These dense paint logs are then milled with a bandsaw into two 2x4’s that are each eight feet long. Some are cut further into sections. Because of the many thin circular layers of color coiled and then revealed through milling, the cubes that are a product of this process look startlingly like something between a tree trunk slice and a mille fiori glass bead.
Margie Livingston, “146 Fluid Black and White Layers in a Grid," 2010, acrylic, 10 x 10 x 1 1/2".
Even more fascinating is how Livingston recontextualizes, subsumes, and feminizes traditionally macho art traditions, particularly those of abstract expressionism and minimalism; in this she reminds me of LA artist Liz Larner. The image of Livingston heaving paint onto the floor inevitably brings to mind Jackson Pollock wielding his penis/paintbrush. A difference here is that after producing nearly a dozen of these canvas-free paintings, Livingston literally obliterates each one by rolling it up (with the help of a few friends) and then slicing the log into lengths. The gesture of individual expression is sliced by machinery; layers of accident, collaboration, and culinary skills draw attention away from the hand of the artist and towards the process itself while, at the same time, the object is clearly a finished product with presence.
Using a similar technique of wrapping many layers of poured acrylic “threads,” Livingston also produces solid rock-like objects that she calls wraps. These look like plasticized balls of string, but when cut open, they reveal color surprises like geodes. It makes one wonder what cross sections of Jay Defeo’s “The Rose” (1965) would have revealed. As process-oriented works, Livingston’s works are not monumental, and this works in their favor.
My favorites though are Livingston’s folded paintings. Lengths of dried paint skin are neatly folded and left sitting in piles. The simple d
omestic act of folding these swaths of marbled color allows the object to flux elegantly between finished product and waiting-to-be-used resource. Her newest work, such as the melted wafer board, begins to reach the limits of what the plastic paint will do physically – the wafer shapes stretch and morph when hung on the wall. It will be interesting to see if Livingston’s purist rules change and if her paint will find its way back onto the canvas or other support structures.
Margie Livingston, “Folded Painting with White and Pink on Top," 2010, acrylic, 12 x 15 1/4 x 1 5/8".